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Request for Proposal
Village Good Governance Project
In Southwest Sumba
In 2014, the Government of Indonesia issued Law Number 6/2014 on Village Law that changed the face of village management and commenced a new era of a change in power dynamics. The Law has decentralized the planning and budgeting process at the local level, where village government and its communities can plan and set budget for development processes and activities the respective communities prioritize. The national government has provided more rooms for villages to develop their
own planning and budgeting through Dana Desa (Village Fund). Since its first year of implementation, there has been a significant increase of fund allocated for Dana Desa. In 2020, the Government of Indonesia has allocated funds in the amount of IDR 71.19 billion, a significant increase from its first-year allocation in 2015 (IDR 20.67 billion). This has put that in average each village now receive IDR 800 Million
per year. Dana Desa has been a force in pushing the development process in the villages, mainly on infrastructure development and aiming to improve villagers’ quality of life and reducing poverty. The national government has put its commitment on implementing the Law by establishing the Ministry of Village, Development of Disadvantaged Areas and Transmigration to expedite village development. This ministry is tasked to plan, monitor and coordinating villages development. The implementation of the Law also has its own set of challenges – disconnect between planning at village and district level are often found, technical regulations for implementation guidance are not necessarily in sync and most importantly, not all villages has been able to respond to this Law and put them into use in their respective village. This is understandable, as there are 74,953 villages and each has its own development issues and priorities, and this rings especially true for Southwest Sumba.
Established in 2007, Southwest Sumba is one of the poorest districts in Eastern Indonesia with a population of 313,127 (2020 estimate), the highest compared to other districts on the island. The Southwest Sumba district faces an increasing number of those living below the poverty line which was at 28.06% in 20191. Although it is a slight decrease from 2016 (30.63%), the number is significantly higher than the national average (9.78%, as per BPS report released in March 2020). The district government is also facing ongoing significant challenges in delivering basic services in health and education and in providing access to infrastructure such as large-scale public systems, services and facilities required for the district to facilitate commerce and other socio-economic activities.
There was a rapid village expansion (pemekaran) in Southwest Sumba between 2011 and 2016. This expansion was not accompanied by adequate knowledge and skills transfer to civil servants tasked to help and support the villages to be able to better manage themselves. Recent assessment carried out by the William & Lily Foundation (WLF) provides enlightenment on issues and challenges faced by the head of villages and its apparatus on basic knowledge and procedures for planning and budgeting development process as well as coordination with the higher level of governance to seek guidance and information (i.e.,district and sub-district level). The assessment that was carried out in September 2020 resulted in findings in the following areas:
Analysis of the assessment identify several opportunities for intervention. WLF believes that villages can and should play greater role in improving human development outcomes and its population quality of life, particularly in ensuring delivery of basic services and in achieving the local, regional, and national development goals. The analysis suggests that village apparatus are generally very keen to improve their capacity in planning and budgeting but have not been properly accommodated by district government. There have been capacity building and mentoring to some extent from the government, but it was not planned for a long-term effort. The roll-out of SDGs Village by the Ministry of Village, Development of Disadvantaged Areas and Transmigration has put an even more significant of villages’ roles in the country
development process. Especially that SDGs Village’s indicator #17 highlighting the partnership for village development that villages will have to start thinking about potential opportunities with other stakeholders for income generating activities, innovative approaches and more. The Government of Indonesia has also put additional village-specific indicator (#18) that highlight villages being adaptive and putting its local wisdom upfront. Therefore, a participatory and demand-driven village planning and budgeting is crucial now.
William & Lily Foundation plans to develop a project to address those issues in Southwest Sumba, focusing on improving village capacity for better planning and budgeting to improve participation and accountability to provide basic services to its communities. WLF is looking for interested organizations to propose an innovative and adaptive design and approach with consideration to current pandemic challenges as well as the Southwest Sumba context and culture. Proposal design should not be limited to address issues during project lifetime, but also narrating opportunities for scalability and sustainability beyond project’s lifetime.
The direct beneficiaries will be the village heads and village apparatus in the selected villages in Southwest Sumba, while also looking at opportunities to engage other related stakeholders as indirect beneficiaries (such as, but not limited to, community/religious leaders, pendamping desa, community-based organizations, etc.). The main approaches of this project would be capacity building for village heads and apparatus, advocacy to related stakeholders and facilitating sustainable engagement among the relevant stakeholders. WLF therefore seeks a non-individual consultant (professional organization/team of individuals under a legal entity) to design and implement this project.
Duration and Scope
This is foreseen as a two (2) year project with an optional one-year extension, with the first year focusing on laying the foundation of selected villages and finding a way for suitable methods and approaches to build the capacity of village heads and apparatus and to develop platform for participatory learning and sharing. Building from the first year, the second year will be focused on extracting the best practices and developing the strategy for scaling up.
WLF does not provide funding for infrastructure support and instead focuses on leveraging existing assets and maximizing synergies. Hence, WLF believes in project interventions based on capacity building, establishing linkages and advocacy. The Foundation also believes that building ownership among local actors is one of key success of project intervention in order to ensure scalability and sustainability. The interested organizations are encouraged to develop their theory of change with the following thinking:
Indicators of Successful Project
This project will directly contribute to the achievement of the Foundation’s long-term outcome on enabling environment sector pillar: “Establishing sustaining partnership between local government and civil society”. The project would be deemed successful if at least several of the following outcomes have been achieved upon project completion:
Interested organizations must include proposed theory of change, results framework and other relevant indicators in their technical proposal. The selected organization will work under WLF advisement on the selection of villages for this project, which may involve site visits, in-depth interviews and proper due diligence. WLF is currently working at seven out of 11 sub-districts in Southwest Sumba.
WLF is looking for interested organizations with extensive knowledge on village development/governance area. Interested organizations should possess the following qualifications:
The release of this Request for Proposal does not guarantee WLF to award the contract. Implementation of the project will depend on the Foundation’s funding availability.
How to Apply
Expression of Interest must be no longer than 2 pages, either in Indonesian or English, and must be submitted to firstname.lastname@example.org with the subject line: Name of Organization EOI
Village Governance Project before Friday, 22 January 2021 at 5 pm Jakarta time.
Experience * Required